Other Activities | POGO

Current Activities


POGO is involved in and supports a number of other initiatives related to ocean observing. These are listed below.


Antares POGO helped to fund the meeting at which the Latin-American network of bio-optical oceanographers called Antares was born and led subsequently to the formation of a global-scale analogue, ChloroGIN (see below). POGO continues to collaborate with and provide support to Antares, particularly through its capaacity building programmes and the NF-POGO Alumni Network for Oceans (NANO).
Argo Around the time POGO was being started, the Argo programme was also beginning. One of the first crusades of POGO was to throw the collective weight of its members behind the world expansion of Argo. A collaboration among 50 research and operational agencies from 26 countries, Argo now has charge of more than 3,500 floats around the world’s oceans. Because the members of POGO are directors with the power to commit resources and influence decision makers, a resolution to accord full support to Argo had immediate effect, and the distribution of floats around the world ocean improved rapidly. Argo is now part of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS).
Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) AMT is a multidisciplinary scientific programme, hosted by Plymouth Marine Laboratory in collaboration with the National Oceanographic Centre. AMT undertakes biological, chemical and physical oceanographic research during an annual voyage between the UK and the South Atlantic and provides the longest time series of oceanographic observations on an ocean-basin scale. The programme was established in 1995 and has included 21 research cruises involving over 200 scientists from 15 countries. An annual POGO-AMT fellowship is offered to candidates from developing nations to facilitate capacity building through the transfer of first-hand experience and knowledge to the benefit of the global scientific community.
Blue Planet "Oceans and Society: Blue Planet" is the over-arching Marine Task within the Group on Earth Observations (GEO). GEO is an intergovernmental body dedicated to the effective use of Earth observation (in situ or via remote sensing) for societal benefit.The creation of the Blue Planet Task was an initiative of the Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans (POGO) in 2011, to bring together all the existing ocean observation programmes within GEO, to add new ones to the GEO portfolio, and to create synergies between them. Blue Planet brings together many ocean observation programmes with a societal benefit angle.
ChloroGIN ChloroGIN was created in 2006 during a workshop sponsored by POGO, GOOS, GEO, IOCCG and PML, and was inspired by the Latin American Network Antares. It aims to promote in situ chlorophyll measurements in combination with satellite-derived estimates. ChloroGIN is funded by the Canadian Space Agency, and was included as a Task within the first GEO Work Plan. It is now a component of the new GEO Task SB01 "Oceans and Society: the Blue Planet".
IQOE  Together with SCOR, and with seed funding from the Sloan Foundation, POGO is supporting the development of the International Quiet Ocean Experiment. The IQOE is a programme set to last a decade, aimed at mesuring sound in the ocean and the effects of anthopogenic sound on marine life. The programme will make use of existing ocean observing systems and establish new ones to measure the global ocean soundscape. 
GACS The Global Alliance of Continuous Plankton Recorder Surveys was initiated by the Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS) during a workshop held in Plymouth in September 2011. POGO was invited to attend to provide advice on setting up a new international programme, and to sign as a witness the Memorandum of Understanding. Members of the Alliance currently include Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, New Zealand, South Africa, UK and USA.
OceanSITES POGO member institutions have been driving the establishment of OceanSITES, a network of deep-ocean, multi-disciplinary time-series reference sites, measuring many variables and monitoring the full depth of the ocean from the surface down to 5,000 metres. This network comprises about 30 surface and 30 sub-surface arrays. At its 2011 meeting in Seoul, POGO’s directors decided to give immediate priority to increasing support for OceanSITES. They also agreed to encourage all OceanSITES parties to maintain a minimum set of common measurements. OceanSITES moorings are integral to the Global Ocean Observing System, as they complement satellite imagery and Argo float data by adding time and depth, and by expanding what is observed.
SOOS POGO is a sponsor of the Southern Ocean Observing System, which published its Science Plan and established a Project Office at the Institute of Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, in 2011. The SOOS Data Network is the primary access point for search, discovery, mapping and download of data that has been determined to be of significance to the SOOS. In addition, the Southern Ocean Knowledge and Information wiki (SOKI) aims to provide a source of standardised and validated (peer-reviewed) reference material on Southern Ocean ecosystems and on the research tools used in the region.
SMART Subsea Cables SMART Subsea Cables for Observing the Global Ocean: This Joint Task Force sponsored by 3 UN agencies (IOC, ITU, WMO) aims to integrate sensors into the repeaters of future trans-oceanic telecommunications cable systems. Sensors would “piggyback” on the existing power and communications infrastructure, with the potential for global coverage at modest incremental cost. Initial sensors would be temperature, pressure, and acceleration.


Past Activities 

Some of the past activities that POGO has been involved in are summarised below:


The São Paulo Declaration At the Second POGO Annual Meeting, the participants implementing declared an integrated strategy for observing the global oceans particularly in the Southern Hemisphere. This was the 
The São Paulo Declaration.
Mirai BEAGLE Expedition As an impressive follow-up to the São Paulo Declaration of POGO, which called for increased observations in the Southern Hemisphere, JAMSTEC proposed a circumpolar cruise on its research vessel Mirai, in the Southern Hemisphere, with international collaboration and participation. This was the Blue EArth GLobal Expedition (BEAGLE). The BEAGLE brochure can be seen here.
Expo 2012 The POGO exhibit at Expo 2012 Yeosu Korea was opened to the public on 12 May 2012, along with the many other exhibits featured in the 23 pavilions that occupy the imposing 25-hectare Expo site.
POGO Biology Initiative In the early years of POGO, it was recognised that while physical ocean observation schemes had made great strides, with GODAE and the Argo programme taking the lead in their implementation, biological observations were not progressing so well due to their complexity and difficulty to automate. A Workshop was held to address various issues related to biological observations.


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